Fibromyalgia (Myofascial Pain Syndrome)
Fibromyalgia is fairly intricate because it involves
numerous symptoms normal to other diseases. Musculoskeletal
ache, insomnia, chronic fatigue, headaches, swollen limbs,
Gastritis and/or colitis are some of the most normal
disorders that arise in the case of fibromyalgia.
Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that causes pain,
stiffness, and tenderness of the muscles, tendons, and
joints. Fibromyalgia is also characterized by restless
sleep, awakening feeling tired, chronic fatigue, anxiety,
depression, and disturbances in bowel function. Fibromyalgia
is sometimes referred to as fibromyalgia syndrome and
abbreviated FMS. Fibromyalgia was formerly known as
are the symptoms of Fibromyalgia?
It also leads to disturbances anxiety, depression,
dysmenorrhoea, problems urinating and tachycardia. For all
these reasons and because there are no laboratory tests or
radiological especially that appear, has long been deemed a
psychosomatic sickness only.
In fact there is a neuroendocrine component and specially
a lack of endocrine function (eg the serotonin).
While fibromyalgia is one of the most common diseases
affecting the muscles, its cause is currently unknown. The
painful tissues involved are not accompanied by tissue
inflammation. Therefore, despite potentially disabling body
pain, patients with fibromyalgia do not develop body damage
or deformity. Fibromyalgia also does not cause damage to
internal body organs. In this sense, fibromyalgia is
different from many other rheumatic conditions (such as
rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus, and polymyositis). In
those diseases, tissue inflammation is the major cause of
pain, stiffness, and tenderness of the joints, tendons and
muscles, and it can lead to joint deformity and damage to
the internal organs or muscles.
What is Fibromyalgia?
The word fibromyalgia (FM) derived from the Greek “fibro”
meaning fibrous tissues (like tendons and ligaments) and
“myalgia” which intends muscle ache. The FM is therefore a
rheumatic sickness that affects the muscles, causing
stiffness, an increase of muscular tension, which then
causes the symptoms mentioned above.
Because fibromyalgia is difficult to diagnose and
sometimes occurs with other muscle or joint diseases or
chronic pain conditions, determining just how many people
have this condition is difficult. However, it is estimated
that 3 to 6 million people in the United States have
Who is affected by
Women are affected far more often than men, although men
and children also get fibromyalgia. While fibromyalgia can
occur at any age, the chance of getting this condition
increases as you age and seems to be greatest after age 60.
Those who are most likely to be diagnosed include:
- People who also have a rheumatic condition, such as
lupus or rheumatoid arthritis.
- Women who have another family member with
fibromyalgia, although the reasons for this are not
About half of people with fibromyalgia say their symptoms
started after they had been ill from an infectious disease
such as Lyme disease. Although research is still being done,
no connection between infectious disease and fibromyalgia
has been firmly established.